Solve problems using concrete numerical materials leading to logical and abstract thought.

Examine measuring tools such as cups, spoons, scales, rulers, barometers, thermometers, clock, money and calendar.

Build large elaborate structures and buildings using unit blocks developing size and spatial awareness.

Match, sort, order, sequence and classify objects according to specific characteristics.

Play games that develop lateral thinking; exercising hand-eye coordination, requiring observation, analysis and accurate deduction and reasoning.

Demonstrate one to one correspondence between number and objects when counting and learn quantity.

Develop number sense in real life situation by measuring, weighing, and counting, adding or subtracting, money value and apply to role playing scenarios.

Develop an understanding of numerals and their relations, formal addition and subtraction, concrete problem solving, monetary quantity, capacity, volume, mass, geometry, pattern, graph and table making, temperature and relative time etc.

Use and develop appropriate vocabulary when describing quantities, measurements and spatial relationships – length, height, weight, above, below, near far, in, out, more, less, left, right, pair, dozen etc.

Recognize, draw and print mathematical symbols, geometric shapes, numerals and symbols.

**In addition the kindergarten students learn to:**

- Read and print numerals 1 to 100
- Demonstrate conservation theory (e.g.: 1 cup of water in a tall glass is the same as 1 cup of water in a short wider glass.)
- Count by 1’s, 2’s, 5’s 10’s to 100 using counting boards, own 100 day projects, abacus, rote
- Count backwards from 10
- Compare, order and represent numbers to 100 using concrete material
- Discuss the use of numbers and arrangement in real life situations (e.g.: there are 14 children in the class, 9 boys and 5 girls)
- Model number groups in 1’s and 10’s and use 0 as a place holder.
- Estimate the number of objects and check by counting.
- Demonstrate that addition involves joining and subtraction involves taking one group away from another
- Represent addition and subtraction using concrete material
- Add and subtract money amounts using concrete materials, drawings and symbols
- Establish and describe their thinking as they solve simple number problems (e.g., how many students have brown hair?)